What security certifications do export products need to adopt in other countries? What do these certification marks mean? Let’s take a look at some of the world's 20 leading internationally recognized certification marks and their meanings.
CE mark is a kind of security authentication marks, which is considered a manufacturers’ passport to enter the European market. CE represents the European unity (CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE). All products with CE mark can be sold in the European Union member countries; they do not need to conform to the requirements of each member, so as to realize the free circulation of goods within the EU member states
ROHS is short for <the Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances inelectrical and electronic equipment>. ROHS abbreviations listed a total of six kinds of harmful substances, including: Pb, Cd, Hg, Cr6 +, PBDE, PBB. On July 1, 2006, European Union began to implement ROHS, electrical and electronics products using or containing flame retardants such as heavy metals and pbdes PBDE, polybrominated biphenyls PBB are not allowed to enter the European market.
UL is short for Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL safety test is the most authoritative and also one of the largest community of civil institutions in USA. It is independent, non-profit, for public security. It USES science to study the method of testing of the various materials product equipment and construction of life and property, including any harm degree; Determine the appropriate standards and information that will help to reduce and prevent loss of life and property, and conduct fact-finding operations.
The Food and Drug Administration is one of the executive bodies established by the U.S. government in the department of health and human services (DHHS) and public health (PHS).
In 1934, the Federal Communications Commission was established as an independent agency of the U.S. government, directly responsible to congress. The FCC coordinates domestic and international communications by controlling radio broadcasts, television, telecommunications, satellites and cables. Involved in more than 50 American states, Colombia, and belongs to the United States, in order to ensure the radio and wire communication products related to the life and property security, the FCC's Engineering department (Office of Engineering and Technology) is responsible for technical support of the committee, and is responsible for equipment recognition aspects.
According to China's WTO accession commitments and reflect the principle of national treatment, the country compulsive authentication product marks for "China Compulsory Certification", English name is "China Compulsory Certification", English abbreviation for "CCC". China Compulsory Certification mark, will gradually replace the original of the "Great Wall" mark and "CCIB" mark.
CSA is short for Canadian Standards Association. It was founded in 1919. It is Canada's first designed for non-profit institutions formulate industry Standards. All electrical and electronic products sold in the North American market need to obtain safety certification. The CSA is Canada's largest security certification organization, also one of the most famous security certification institutions in the world.
German standardization institute Deutsches Institut fur Normung. DIN is the standardization of the competent authority in Germany, as the national standardization organizations to participate in international and regional standardization of non-governmental institutions. DIN participateS in the international organization for standardization in 1951. German electro technical commission (DKE), joint by DIN and German electrical engineers association (VDE), representS Germany in the international electro technical commission. DIN is also the European committee for standardization of European electrical standard
The British Standards Institution (BSI) is the world's first national standardization. It is not controlled but greatly supported by the government. BSI formulated and revised British Standards, and promoted its implementation.
In June 1991, China electrical product certification committee was accepted by the international electrotechnical commission of electrical product safety certification organization (IEEEE) management committee (MC) , as certification agency for approval and award of CB certificate. 9 testing stations are accepted as CB laboratory (certification body lab). All the related electrical products, as long as the enterprise has obtained the CB certificate and test report issued by the commission, 30 member countries of the IECEE a CCB will recognize the products, basically directly to the importer to does not need to test again, which saves cost and time to get the certification certificate of the country, are favorable for the export products.
EC government regulation, since January 1, 1996, all electrical products must pass the EMC certification, labeled with CE to the EC market The move caused widespread influence in the world, governments have taken measures to RMC mandatory management performance of electrical and electronics products Relatively influential in the international, such as the EU 89/336 / EEC.
PSE is Japan Electrical Safety & Environment, to meet the requirements of Japan's security and electronic products. According to Japan's DENTORL method (electrical devices and materials control) regulations, 498 kinds of products have to through security authentication into the Japanese market
GS mark is issued by the department authorized TUV Germany VDE institutions etc. GS safety mark is accepted by the European customers. Usually GS product will be sold in higher price and be more popular.
ISO International Organization is the world's largest nongovernmental standardized specialized agencies, its dominant in the International standard ISO setting the main activities of the International standard ISO is to prepare International standards, to coordinate the world within the scope of the Standardization, the member states of the Organization and the technical committee for information exchange, and cooperation with other International organizations, research questions about Standardization.
HACCP is the abbreviation of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point, namely Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point. HACCP system is considered as the best and most effective management system to control food safety and flavor quality. National standard GB/ t15091-1994 "basic terminology of food industry" defines HACCP as a means of control for production (processing) safe food; To the key raw materials, production processes and human factors affecting the safety of the product were analyzed, and determine the key link in the process of machining, establish and perfect monitoring program and monitoring standard, specification of corrective measures. The definition of HACCP is a system that identifies, evaluates and controls the hazards that are critical to food safety.
GMP is the abbreviation of English Good Manufacturing Practice, Chinese meaning is Good manufacturing practice. It is a kind of special attention in the production process to implement the management of food hygiene safety. In short, GMP food production enterprises shall have Good production equipment, reasonable production process, strict quality management and perfect detection system, to ensure the quality of the final product (including food safety and hygiene) in accordance with the contents stipulated in the regulations of GMP, is a food processing enterprise must achieve the most basic conditions.
REACH is the abbreviation of REGULATION concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorizationand Restriction of Chemicals. It was established by the European Union, and implemented of Chemicals regulatory system on June 1, 2007. This is related to use chemicals trade safety regulations proposals, laws designed to protect human health and environmental safety, to maintain and enhance the competitiveness of the European chemical industry, and develop the innovative ability of non-toxic harmless compounds REACH directive requires whoever imports and production within the territory of the European chemicals must assess through registration authority and a set of integrated programs and so on limit, in order to better and more easily identify the chemical composition to achieve the purpose of ensuring the security of the environment and the human body.
Halal, original meaning is legal, Chinese translation for Halal, which can meet the demand of Muslim life habits and the food and drug cosmetics and food and drug additives. Muslim countries, Malaysia has been committed to Halal industry, they issued Halal certification has a high reputation in the world, got the trust of the Muslim masses Including the north American market in Europe is also gradually realize Halal products have great potential, spare no effort to start related products research and development and production, and the Halal certification has also made the corresponding standards and processes.
C/A - tick certification, is the Australian defense communication agency (Australian Communications Authority, ACA) certification marks to communication equipment. C - tick certification takes 1-2 weeks. Products perform ACAQ technical standard test, to the ACA registration to use A/C - tick, fill out in line with the statement (Declaration of Conformity Form), and, with products conform to the record keeping in communication products or equipment with A/C - tick marks label (label), sales to consumers A - tick applies only to communication products, electronic products, mostly apply C - tick, but electronic products if the application is A - tick, do not need to apply for the C - other tick.
SAA is the electrical products into the Australian market shall conform to the local safety regulations, that is, the industry often face authentication Due to the mutual recognition agreement of the two countries, Australia and New Zealand all Australian certified products, all can be smoothly into the New Zealand market sales all electrical appliances to do safety certification (SAA) there are two main types of SAA logo, a form is approved, a form is standard logo certification is only sample charge, while the standard is factory audit should be carried out each sign.
With the development of economic and social undertakings, the examination and certification and accreditation plays an important role in ensuring product quality and public safety, help enterprise innovation and development to implement quality improvement etc. Through the relevant certification and accreditation is a strong evidence that the quality of the products, which are increasingly brought to the attention of the enterprise.
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